List of Acronyms


AGCM     Atmospheric General Circulation Model

AMIP    Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project

APAR    Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation

ATM    Atmospheric Transport Model

AVHRR    Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

BAHC    Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle (IGBP)

BIBEX    Biomass Burning Experiment (IGAC)

CEO    Centre for Earth Observation

CEOS    Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

CNES    Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (France)

CNRS    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)

CODATA    Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU)

COHMAP    Cooperative Holocene Mapping Project

COSPAR    Committee on Space Research (ICSU)

DAAC    Distributed Active Archive Centre

DIS    Data and Information System

EC    European Commission

ECMWF    European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast

ENSO    El Nino - Southern Oscillation

EOS    Earth Observing System (USA)

EPA    Environmental Protection Agency

EROS    Earth Resources Observing Satellite

ERS    ESA Remote Sensing Satellite

ESA    European Space Agency

ESRI    Environmental Systems Research Institute

FAO    Food and Agriculture Organization (UN)

GAIM    Global Analysis, Integration and Modelling (IGBP)

GCIP   GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project

GCM    General Circulation Model

GCOS    Global Climate Observing System (ICSU/IOC-UNESCO/UNEP/WMO)

GCTE    Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (IGBP)

GEWEX    Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (WCRP)

GIS    Geographic Information System

GISS    Goddard Institute for Space Sciences

GOOS    Global Ocean Observing System (ICSU/IOC-UNESCO/WMO)

GPP    Gross Primary Productivity

GRID    Global Resource Information Database (UNEP)

HDP    Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme (ISSC)

HRPT    High Resolution Picture Transmission

ICSU    International Council of Scientific Unions

IGAC    International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project (IGBP)

IGBP    International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (ICSU)

IGBP-DIS    IGBP Data and Information System

INPE    Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (Brazilian Space Agency)

IOC    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO)

IODE    International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange

IPAR    Intercepted Photosynthetically Active Radiation

IPCC    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (WMO/UNEP)

ISLSCP    International Satellite Land-Surface Climatology Project

ISSC    International Social Science Council

JGOFS    Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (SCOR/IGBP)

JSC    Joint Scientific Committee (WCRP)

LAI    Leaf Area Index

LAMBADA    Large Scale Atmospheric Moisture Balance of Amazonia using Data Assimilation (BAHC/GEWEX)

LEMA    Long-term Ecological Modelling Activity (GCTE)

LGSOWG    Landsat Ground Station Operators Working Group

LOICZ    Land Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (IGBP)

LUCC    Land Use / Cover Change (IGBP/HDP)

MAB    Man And the Biosphere Program MOS Marine Observational Satellite (Japan)

NASA    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA) 

NASDA    National Space Development Agency of Japan

NCAR    National Center for Atmospheric Research (USA)

NDVI    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

NMC    National Meteorological Centre (USA)

NOAA    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (USA)

NPP    Net Primary Productivity

OCCM    Ocean Carbon Cycle Model

OECD    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OPPE    Office of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation

PAGES    Past Global Changes (IGBP)

PILPS    Project for Intercomparison of Landsurface Parameterization Schemes (WCRP)

PMIP    Palaeoclimate Model Inter-comparison Project (PAGES)

RRC    Regional Research Centre (START)

RRN    Regional Research Network (START)

RRS    Regional Research Site (START)

SAFARI    Southern African Fire-Atmosphere Research Initiative (BIBEX)

SAFISY    Space Agency Forum of the International Space Year

SC    Scientific Committee (IGBP)

SCOPE    Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (ICSU)

SCOR    Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (ICSU)

SeaWiFS    Sea-viewing Wide-Field of view Sensor

SPOT    Satellite pour l'Observation de la Terre (France)

SSC    Scientific Steering Committee

SST    Sea Surface Temperature

START    Global Change System for Analysis, Research and Training (HDP/IGBP/WCRP)

SVAT    Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer

TBM    Terrestrial Biogeochemical Model

TOGA    Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere project (WCRP)

UNEP    United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

USGCRP    United States Global Change Research Program

USGS    United States Geological Survey

WCRP    World Climate Research Programme (WMO/ICSU/IOC)

WDC    World Data Centre (ICSU)

WMO    World Meteorological Organization (UN)

WOCE    World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WCRP)

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